Gallium is a silvery, easily liquefied metal with atomic number 31 in the periodic table and the abbreviation “Ga”. In its chemical properties it resembles the aluminum, as its production by-product it is earned. As it is in gallium arsenide light-emitting diodes application. For his name is, there are two explanations, the one on the country (Gaul) or the researcher Lequoque = (gallus) de Boisbaudran.
In nature it occurs bound in various ores. In conjunction with elements of the nitrogen group resulting products used in electronics for transistors, electrodes, LEDs, etc. use. Increasingly, in solar cells, especially in the aerospace industry is important gallium.